About us

(photo from left to right Georgas George, Sanos Riccardo, Giataganas Christopher)

The Historical martial arts study group is a group dedicated to study historical martial arts that have died out or evolved into very different forms.

For that, we use many sources:

Museum artefacts (combat poses on vases, human skulls and bones and where they were hit), ancient manuscripts and books, modern martial arts for reconstrucion of ancient techniques, historical sources, reenactment and experimentation and discussions.

The group teachers and advisers are

Sanos Riccardo (Archeologist)

Georgas George (Western martial arts team leader)

Giataganas Christopher (Eastern martial arts team leader)


Roman and Gladiator fighting Curriculum

Ars Dimicandi (Roma)
Gruppo Storico Romano (Roma)
Johann Wallhausens Romanische Fechtkunst (Medieval Book)
Escrima (Doce Pares, Kalidu, Modern Arnis)


5 cuts (leg x2, neck x2, head) form a circle
9 thrusts (downwards, straight, upwards, and their sides right-left)

High (umbrella, roof)
Middle (inside, outside)
Low (low inside, low outside, low outside for inner defense)
X-defense (is a special defense and depends on the weapon, ideal for double swords)

The order in which the weapons are teached

medium range

i) and ii) Gladius and gladius, gladius and shield

iii) a.only gladius (use of the other hand like having a shield, the alive hand)
b.only shield

close range

iv) Pugio (dagger)

long range

v) Pilum, spear, trident


vi) Pugio and gladius, spear and gladius, spear and shield
(small shield-defense, big shield-offense)

very close range

vii) Unarmed (same techniques like armed and introduction into pankration-the most difficult)

With all the weapons we face 

a.enemy with the same weapon
b.enemy with different weapon


striking types

according weapon distancei) long (cuts)ii) medium (thrusts)iii) close (with back end of weapon)

according hand movementi) x-cutsii) fan-cutsiii) thrusts (straight-cross-backfist)iv) thrusts (from angle going in)


basic drills
i) stepping and avoiding finger of Lanista
ii) diagonal inside step attack
iii) thrust drill (straight-backfist-crossfist)

wrist exercises (like nunchakus)
i) with gladius
ii) with spear

drill exercise arts
i) techniques in the air
ii) techniques on a tree- on the pell (defenses are trained on the branches)
iii) techniques with enemy (one or many)
1 vs 1
1 vs 2, 1 vs 3
2 vs 2, 2 vs 3, 2 vs 4
team vs team

The defenses
the defenses are teached to the beginner as static moves to learn better the attacks. Later they get corrected and only as parries used.

-only one attacks
-only one defends
-defense and counter with cut
-defense and counter with thrust
-estocada drills (4 counts)
(vertical lesson)
i) only high
ii) only low
iii) high and low
-mano mano drill
(horizontal lesson)

-riposte drill

Basic stances
i) with left leg always in front
ii) parallel
iii) low (like fighting under ships mast or under low ceiling)

Drills stepping
a.only left leg in front
b.changing legs
i) for and back
ii) right and left
iii) in circle

Combat stepping
i) triangle-attacking
ii) triangle-defending
iii) stance changing

Body stance in drills
i) upstanding
ii) kneeling
iii) lying

Fall and Rolling
ι) forward
ii) backwards
iii) sidewards
a.with weapon
b.picking up weapon from the ground

Free Sparring

i) naked (no armour or protective gear)

ii) with armour or protective gear



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Historical martial arts study group